On eighteen occasions from 1812 to 1974, the office of Vice President of the United States has been vacant, the result of death, resignation, or succession to the office of President.  The duration of these vacancies has varied, from several weeks to nearly an entire four year presidential term.  Below is a quick synopsis of each of these periods:

1812:  George Clinton, 4th Vice President

  • Inaugurated as Vice President on March 4, 1805
  • Sworn in to second term on March 4, 1809
  • Died of a heart attack on April 20, 1812, creating Vice Presidential vacancy which lasted 318 days
  • Served as Governor of New York prior to becoming Vice President
  • Served as Vice President under two different presidential administrations (Jefferson and Madison)

1814:  Elbridge Gerry, 5th Vice President

  • Inaugurated as Vice President on March 4, 1813
  • Sworn in to second term on March 4, 1817
  • Died of unspecified causes on November 23, 1814, creating Vice Presidential vacancy which lasted 832 days
  • As a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1787, voted against resolution establishing the office of Vice President
  • Was President Madison's second choice for the VP slot; offered position only after John Langdon declined it

1832:  John Caldwell Calhoun, 7th Vice President

  • Inaugurated as Vice President on March 4, 1825
  • Sworn in to second term on March 4, 1829
  • Resigned from office on December 28, 1832, creating Vice Presidential vacancy which lasted 66 days
  • Served as Vice President under two different presidential administrations (J.Q. Adams and Jackson)
  • Resigned as presiding officer of the United States Senate so he could be sworn in to fill a South Carolina vacancy in the United States Senate

1841:  John Tyler, 10th Vice President

  • Inaugurated as Vice President on March 4, 1841
  • Elevated to President of the United States on April 4, 1841, creating Vice Presidential vacancy which lasted 1,430 days
  • Served as Senator from Virginia prior to Vice Presidency
  • Committed treason against the United States in 1860's, joining the Confederate Congress

1850:  Millard Fillmore, 12th Vice President

1853:  William Rufus deVane King, 13th Vice President

  • Inaugurated as Vice President on March 24, 1853
  • Died of tuberculosis on April 18, 1853, creating Vice Presidential vacancy which lasted 1,416 days
  • On his deathbed in early 1853, was granted special dispensation by Congress to be inaugurated in Matanzas, Cuba
  • Was sworn in 20 days late; only Vice President for 25 days

1865:  Andrew Johnson, 16th Vice President

1875:  Henry Wilson, 18th Vice President

  • Inaugurated as Vice President on March 4, 1873
  • Died of a stroke on November 22, 1875, creating Vice Presidential vacancy which lasted 468 days
  • Served as Senator from Massachusetts prior to Vice Presidency

1881:  Chester Arthur, 20th Vice President

1885:  Thomas Andrews Hendricks, 21st Vice President

  • Inaugurated as Vice President on March 4, 1885
  • Died of unspecified causes on November 25, 1885, creating Vice Presidential vacancy which lasted 1,195 days
  • Served as Governor of, and Senator from, Indiana prior to Vice Presidency

1899:  Garret Augustus Hobart, 24th Vice President

  • Inaugurated as Vice President on March 4, 1897
  • Died of heart failure on November 21, 1899, creating Vice Presidential vacancy which lasted 468 days
  • Served as member of New Jersey legislature prior to Vice Presidency
  • A "favorite son" candidate at the 1896 Republican convention, surprisingly won Vice Presidential nomination
  • Became good friends with President McKinley, and would have been renominated in 1900 had he lived

1901:  Theodore Roosevelt, 25th Vice President

1912:  James Schoolcraft Sherman, 27th Vice President

  • Inaugurated as Vice President on March 4, 1909
  • Died of complications from kidney failure on October 30, 1912, creating Vice Presidential vacancy which lasted 125 days
  • Served as Mayor of Utica, New York and Congressman from New York prior to Vice Presidency
  • Had been renominated at the 1912 Republican convention, but died days before the general election

1923:  (John) Calvin Coolidge, Jr., 29th Vice President

1945:  Harry S Truman

1963:  Lyndon Baines Johnson

1973:  Spiro Theodore Agnew

  • Inaugurated as Vice President on January 20, 1969
  • Sworn in for second term on January 20, 1973
  • Resigned from office on October 10, 1973, creating Vice Presidential vacancy which lasted X days
  • Served as Governor of Maryland prior to Vice Presidency

1974:  Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.